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Anthropology and Sociology at Webster University Library

Department of Global Languages, Cultures and Societies


Citations are a way to tell your reader that some ideas in your paper, project, or presentation were borrowed from another source. Each citation should:

  • Give credit to the original text creator that you quote directly or ideas that you paraphrase or summarize in your paper
  • Give your reader complete information so they can find and read the original source for themselves
  • Provide outside research to support your ideas and help your reader to determine which ideas you borrowed from another source and which are your own
  • Help you to avoid plagiarism
  • Follow a specific pattern based on a citation style, e.g., APA, Chicago/Turabian, MLA, etc.

Purdue Online Writing Lab - OWL

Citation styles

When in doubt, ask your instructor which citation style to use for your paper or project. Some of the most widely used citation styles include:

Citation managers

There are a number of software programs available that help students store references and notes, create bibliographies, etc. While not needed for every assignment, they are useful for when you are gathering a large number of articles and other resources for projects such as capstone papers, theses, and dissertations. Some of the main citation management software applications are listed here.

Webster University's Writing Center

Whether you are an experienced academic writer or this is your first paper, Webster University's Writing Center offers writing support for students. Find help with all kinds of research projects, including "reports; résumés and cover letters; admission essays and personal statements; summaries, critical analyses, and literature reviews; research and term papers; theses and dissertations; and more." Writing Center coaches are available at all stages of the writing process from brainstorming to draft revision and everything in-between.

Visit Writing Support to: 

  • Schedule an appointment with a writing coach
  • Submit a paper online to the Writing Center for review
  • Select Writing Resources to find help with citation, grammar, avoiding plagiarism, and more